Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life

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Phylum Subphylum Class Subclass Order Family Genus Species Anamorph
Basidiomycota Agaricomycotina Agaricomycetes Russulales Auriscalpiaceae Auriscalpium vulgare
AuthorityGray


Auriscalpium_vulgare_1162_e021065deace2efb1af253263ec00a1865882e48 Gloeocystidium in Auriscalpium vulgare. Image reprinted with permission from Celio et al. 2007. Mycologia 99(5), 644-654. (c) The Mycological Society of America

Nuclear Division

Auriscalpium_vulgare_1161_b9806c4ea8168fe3e1c28bd62bf92f2e6b2d4a23 Meiosis (early metaphase I) in Auriscalpium vulgare. Image reprinted with permission from Celio et al. 2007. Mycologia 99(5), 644-654. (c) The Mycological Society of America

Cell type: (ME) meiosis

Component: Nuc Div / SPB

CharacteristicStateCodeImages
Centriole absent 0  
Spindle pole body form, interphase-prophase a globoid 5 Images
Spindle pole body form, metaphase-anaphase a globoid that expands by more than 100% of its interphase-prophase size directly connected to spindle 7 Images
Metaphase nuclear envelope loose polar fenestrae, including extensions of nuclear envelope into the cytoplasm at the spindle pole, but mainly intact 2 Images
Telophase nuclear envelope retention of complete nuclear envelope around the chromatin with median constriction/fragmentation 0 Images
Perinuclear endoplasmic reticulum absent 0  
Central spindle present 1 Images
Metaphase plate absent 0 Images
Spindle pole body cap absent 0 Images
Sources
Notes Spindle pole body cap may consist of fragments early in meiosis I but appears absent by meta-anaphase I.
Fixation freeze substitution
Study Complete No
Author Celio, G.J. et al.
Date 2007
Source Mycologia 99: 644-654
Herbarium MIN
Culture collection Mycological Culture Collection, University of Minnesota
Culture no. DJM 225
Source of character Culture

Cell type: (MI) mitosis

Component: Nuc Div / SPB

CharacteristicStateCodeImages
Centriole absent 0  
Metaphase nuclear envelope loose polar fenestrae, including extensions of nuclear envelope into the cytoplasm at the spindle pole, but mainly intact 2 Images
Perinuclear endoplasmic reticulum absent 0  
Central spindle present 1 Images
Metaphase plate absent 0 Images
Spindle pole body cap fragments of a discontinuous membrane that do not form a true cap 3 Images
Sources
Fixation freeze substitution
Study Complete No
Author Celio, G.J. et al.
Date 2007
Source Mycologia 99: 644-654
Culture collection Mycological Culture Collection, University of Minnesota
Culture no. DJM 225
Source of character Culture

Septum / Pore Cap

Auriscalpium_vulgare_1160_932c75d0f9117c9aff664b19c78836ffa7d9c11b Hyphal septum of Auriscalpium vulgare. Image reprinted with permission from Celio et al. 2007. Mycologia 99(5), 644-654. (c) The Mycological Society of America

Cell type: (XN) mycelium of unknown nuclear status

Component: Hypha excluding ascogenous hypha/ascus

CharacteristicStateCodeImages
Uniperforate septa a single central pore 1 Images
Uniperforate septal pore margin septal pore swelling 3 Images
Protruding non-membrane-bound bodies associated with septal pore(s) absent 0 Images
Membrane-bound bodies associated with septal pore(s) absent 0 Images
Membranous structures associated with septal pore(s) septal pore cap 1 Images
Non-membrane-bound, electron-dense bodies associated with septal pore(s) absent 0 Images
Woronin body type Woronin bodies absent 0 Images
Septal pore cap basic structure simple cap (cap with unelaborated abseptal surface) 2 Images
Detailed structure of elaborated septal pore cap elaborated cap absent 0 Images
Detailed structure of simple septal pore cap cap multiperforate, small pores 3 Images
Saccules of elaborated pore cap lined with external electron-dense layer absent 0  
Substructure of pore cap cap with uniform electron-dense contents 2 Images
Multiperforate septum multiperforate septum absent 0 Images
Sources
Notes Bottom of bell-shaped pore cap extends along septum.
Character Quality Good
Fixation freeze-substitution
Study Complete No
Author McLaughlin, D.J.
Date unpublished
Source unpublished
Culture collection Mycological Culture Collection, Univ. of Minnesota
Culture no. DJM 225

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