Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life

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Motile Cell


Location code / cell type
  • ZO, zoospore
  • Motile Cell
    • 1. Number of flagella
      • 0, none
      • 1, one
      • 2, multiple
    • 2. Electron-opaque plug in axoneme core and between axoneme and flagellar membrane
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 3. Flagellum coating
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 4. Electron-opaque core in kinetosome
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 5. Scalloped ring within kinetosome, extensions of the A, B, or C microtubule
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Lacustromyces hiemalis)
    • 6. Kinetosome support
      • 0, absent
      • 1, kinetosome props
      • 2, broken kinetosome props
      • 3, skirt-like structure surrounding kinetosome (Neocallimastigomycota)
    • 7. Kinetosome-associated plates
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Group I type zoospore [Barr 1980])
    • 8. Kinetosome-associated saddle
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Group II type zoospore [Barr 1980])
    • 9. Kinetosome-associated shield
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 10. Kinetosome-associated spur
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 11. Kinetosome-associated striated disc
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Chytridiomycota: Monoblepharidomycetes)
    • 12. Primary microtubule root
      • 0, absent
      • 1, 2-5 laterally-oriented, parallel, stacked microtubules arising from side of kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Rhizophydiales- Alphamyces, Aquamyces, Globomyces, Urceomyces, Gorgonomyces, Pateramyces, Protrudomyces, Rhizophydium, Terramyces, Coralloidiomyces)
      • 2, approx. 6-7 laterally-oriented, parallel, bundled microtubules arising from side of kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Chytridiales)
      • 3, more than 20 laterally-oriented, parallel, bundled microtubules with linkers between them, arising from side of kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Cladochytriales)
      • 4, multiple microtubules extending anteriorly from kinetosome, parallel to kinetosome triplets (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Rhizophydiales- Batrachochytrium)
      • 5, microtubules in cone arising from a spur at the anterior end of kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales- Spizellomyces)
      • 6, microtubules extending anteriorly without regular arrangement from a spur on the kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales- Kochiomyces)
      • 7, microtubules in cone arising from a double bar at the anterior end of kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales- Gaertneriomyces)
      • 8, microtubules in cone arising from two concave discs at the anterior end of kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales- Powellomyces)
      • 9, microtubules extending parallel and anteriorly from kinetosome and adjacent to an elongated tripartite spur (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales- Triparticalcar)
      • a, root of two parts: a striated disk extending part way around kinetosome, and microtubules extending anteriorly from kinetosome (Chytridiomycota: Monoblepharidomycetes)
      • b, up to 27 microtubules in groups of 3 extending anteriorly from kinetosome (Blastocladiomycota)
      • c, multiple microtubules emanating from spurs on multiple kinetosomes (Neocallimastigomycota)
    • 13. Primary microtubule root absolute configuration
      • 0, absent
      • 1, 20 degrees left average (10-35 degrees)
      • 2, 10 degrees right average (0-25 degrees)
      • 3, 50 degrees left average (20-80 degrees)
    • 14. Striated rhizoplast between kinetosome and nucleus
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Rhizophlyctis rosea, Sonoraphlyctis ranzonii, Caulochytrium protostelioides, Olpidium brassicae)
    • 15. Non-flagellated centriole
      • 0, absent (incertae sedis: Thalassochytrium gracilariopsidis)
      • 1, parallel to kinetosome
      • 2, oblique to kinetosome
      • 3, at right angle to kinetosome
    • 16. Length of non-flagellated centriole (NfC) compared to length of kinetosome (K)
      • 0, NfC < K (Chytridiomycota: Monoblepharidomycetes; Chytridiomycetes: Rhizophydiales- Kappamyces; Chytridiales)
      • 1, NfC = K
      • 2, NfC > K (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Polychytrium clade- Lacustromyces hiemalis)
    • 17. Kinetosome-non-flagellated centriole fibrillar bridge
      • 0, absent
      • 1, fibers perpendicular to NfC and K
      • 2, fibers parallel to NfC and K
    • 18. Non-flagellated centriole-associated veil
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes- Chytridiales)
    • 19. Paracrystalline inclusion
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes- Chytridiales, Polychytrium clade; ?Blastocladiomycota: Catenaria anguillulae)
    • 20. Ribosomal organization
      • 0, scattered ribosomes (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales; Rhizophlyctidales- Rhizophlyctis rosea, Sonoraphlyctis ranzonii; incertae sedis: Synchytrium macrosporum, Caulochytrium protostelioides)
      • 1, core area of aggregated ribosomes partially or completely enclosed by endoplasmic reticulum (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Chytridiales, Rhizophydiales, Cladochytriales, Lobulomycetales; incertae sedis: Polyphagus euglenae; Monoblepharidomycetes)
      • 2, aggregated as a nuclear cap (Blastocladiomycota)
      • 3, loosely enclosed by endoplasmic reticulum and surrounding nucleus (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Rhizophlyctidales- Arizonaphlyctis, Borealophlyctis)
    • 21. Mitochondrion
      • 0, absent (hydrogenosomes: Neocallimastigomycota)
      • 1, single
      • 2, multiple
    • 22. Cisterna
      • 0, absent
      • 1, simple
      • 2, fenestrated
      • 3, annular
    • 23. Paraxonemal structure
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Chytridiomycota: Monoblepharidomycetes- Gonapodya polymorpha)
    • 24. Water expulsion vacoule
      • 0, absent (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes- Chytridiales)
      • 1, present (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes- Spizellomycetales; Monoblepharidomycetes)
    • 25. Golgi apparatus morphology
      • 0, stacked cisternae (Chytridiomycota; Blastocladiomycota- Physoderma)
      • 1, absence of stacked cisternae (Blastocladiomycota)
    • 26. Golgi apparatus location
      • 0, absent
      • 1, associated with flagellar rootlet(Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes- Chytridiales)
      • 2, not associated with flagellar rootlet
    • 27. Relationship of microbodies to lipid(s) or nucleus
      • 0, microbody associated with a single lipid (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes- Chytridiales, Cladochytriales, Lobulomycetales, Rhizophydiales)
      • 1, microbody associated with multiple lipids (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales, Rhizophlyctidales, Rhizophydiales- Batrachochytrium; incertae sedis: Caulochytrium protostelioides)
      • 2, microbody associated with nucleus (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Rhizophlyctidales- Rhizophlyctis rosea, Sonoraphlyctis ranzonii)
    • 28. Location of cisterna relative to lipid(s)
      • 0, adjacent to lipids (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Chytridiales, Rhizophydiales, Cladochytriales)
      • 1, backs microbody (Blastocladiomycota)
      • 2, fenestrated cisterna (rumposome) backed by microbody (Chytridiomycota: Monoblepharidomycetes)
      • 3, absent (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Rhizophydiales- Batrachochytrium; Polychytrium clade- Lacustromyces hiemalis)
    • 29. Location of mitochondria
      • 0, outside ribosomal core
      • 1, within ribosomal core
      • 2, scattered in cytoplasm
    • 30. Nuclear heel
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Chytridiomycota: Chytridiomycetes: Spizellomycetales- Spizellomyces; Rhizophlyctidales- Sonoraphlyctis, Borealophlyctis)
    • 31. Nucleus location
      • 0, distal to kinetosome
      • 1, proximal to kinetosome
      • 2, connected to kinetosome
    • 32. Posterior dome composed of peripheral granules and array of megatubules
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (Neocallimastigomycota)




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Character list


Glossary


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