Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life

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Apical organization


Location code / cell type
  • GT, Germ tube
  • MH, Mature hyphae
  • Apical organization
    • 1. Spitzenkörper (SPK)
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 2. Vesicles concentrated in thin layer beneath apical plasma membrane and/or loosely organized throughout apical dome
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 3. SPK function
      • 1, SPK not nucleating microtubules
      • 2, SPK nucleating microtubules
      • 0, SPK absent
    • 4. SPK structure (light microscopy)
      • 1, central core absent or not visible
      • 2, central core present, phase-bright
      • 3, central core present, phase-dark
      • 0, SPK absent
    • 5. SPK detailed structure (electron microscopy)
      • 1, central core absent
      • 2, central core enriched with microvesicles
      • 3, central core with few or no microvesicles
      • 0, SPK absent
    • 6. Ribosome cluster distal to SPK or vesicle accumulation in apical dome
      • 0, absent or not observed
      • 1, present
    • 7. Macrovesicles with uniformly dense lumen
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present, 70–120 nm diam.
      • 2, present, 140–250 nm diam.
    • 8. Microvesicles (25–45 nm diam.) with uniformly dense lumen
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present (smooth profile)
      • 2, present (polyhedral profile)
    • 9. Macrovesicles (90–250 nm diam.) with an electron dense core, and less dense periphery
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 10. Microvesicles with an electron dense core, and less dense periphery (30-65 nm diam.)
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present
    • 11. Filasomes (protein-coated microvesicles; 30–40 nm diam.)
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present but uncommon
      • 2, present and common
    • 12. Sub-apical cluster of putative lipid globules
      • 0, absent
      • 1, present




References associated with character state illustrations








PDF documents

Character list


Glossary


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